VESTIBULAR DYSFUNCTION AND FALL PREVENTION PROGRAMS (BALANCE DYSFUNCTION)
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), balance dysfunction, and movement-related dizziness are common conditions that are alleviated with physical therapy. Crystals within the inner ear can migrate from their normal location and become lodged in a more sensitive area resulting in dizziness.
Epley Maneuvers are performed by a therapist to relocate the crystals, thereby alleviating the dizziness. In addition, many patients have developed secondary symptoms associated with reduced activity levels. Secondary symptoms include decreased strength, loss of range of motion, increased tension particularly in the cervical/shoulder regions, leading to muscle fatigue and headaches. Physical therapists utilize exercise and balance training to restore normal function.